You’ll be shocked by the risk you’re taking. Like many who use mobile devices, on many occasions, you’ve likely pulled out your tablet or smartphone and watched a login window to a WiFi hotspot appear. It’s not a surprise considering that WiFi networks have become commonplace today.
Many cafes and burger joints offer free WiFi to encourage customers to visit their establishments. It’s also applicable while you’re on the go and want you to look up your mail, keep up the friends you’ve made on Facebook or even post a brief update on Twitter.
However, before connecting, make sure you think it through. What is the level of security for that hotspot? What risks could be lurking in it? Are you sure it’s an authentic hotspot, or have the criminals created honey pots in the hope of snooping through the most passwords and credentials they can? (A honeypot is an ill-conceived service created by cybercriminals to entice users who are unaware of it. Honey pots appeal to the user to entice them to use them).
However, not all are fortunate enough. In many instances, it can take months before the wrongdoing is brought to light. And when it does, the damage could already be done to your financial records and reputation.
What makes hotspots so risky?
If you connect to others’ WiFi via your smartphone or laptop, hackers could access your data. There is no guarantee that you will be hacker-proof, but the risk is there.
Be aware that you’re connecting to the Internet, downloading emails, and updating Facebook using another’s Internet connection. What do they know about how they’ve it set up?
Although there are a lot of genuine WiFi hotspots available that are secure to use, some could cause many problems. If you go to locations such as airport lounges, coffee shops and convention centers, libraries, and other public spaces where you can connect, you’ve probably seen the numerous hotspots available that you can connect. However, some of them must be classified as dangerous spots and hotspots. Due to their popularity, they’re often targeted by criminals because they know that the odds are good that they’ll be able to connect to an unwitting computer or trick users into connecting with their WiFi hotspots.
If you’re left with no other choice other than to connect to a WiFi network or hotspot for your home, ensure safe surfing in every method:
The most crucial step is ensuring that the service you’re connecting to is authentic and not set up by criminals bent on stealing your data. Before connecting to a hotspot, talk with a receptionist in the area or someone who can try to verify that the hotspot is genuine. Be sure to look for warning signs. Most companies that offer free WiFiWiFi usually put an advertisement promoting the fact. The sign will have the name of the network (also called the SSID) and the password. If you don’t spot a sign and there aren’t any people who can confirm it’s authentic and legitimate, do not join it.
Beware of WiFiWiFi networks that don’t require a password to sign up. Being able to run a WiFiY hotspot effectively and professionally implies taking security very seriously. The most apparent sign that security has been put in place at the back of the line is when the hotspot is so severely configured that it does not require a password. Being incompetent or falsely believing the hotspot made connecting easier for users without the requirement for an account password. Even if the hotspot was authentic, hackers who know there is no need for a password to connect are likelier to get into areas where they’re not desired. Another possibility is that the insecure hotspot was created by identity thieves who wanted users to connect to their network. If you’ve ever connected an unsecured hotspot without a password and feel smug about having defeated the system, consider rethinking before patting yourself on the back. If a password isn’t required, the connection isn’t secure. Also, connecting with a WiFi network that doesn’t seem secure is terrible.
If you’ve verified that the hotspot’s legitimacy is confirmed and you’ve connected, then feel free to browse to your heart’s content, but in no way should you make any financial transactions. This includes purchasing items at popular online stores and opening your account bank accounts. Although the hotspot might be authentic, you can’t be sure that the hackers do not listen in to see if they could get information from devices and networks. If you can limit the data’s value, there’ll be nothing for thieves to take. If the WiFiWiFi network is not yours, you should ensure you are on an internet connection you can trust (like your own network) before making financial transactions. If you want to check your bank account balance, go to an ATM instead. You’ll be amazed by the features modern ATMs come with.
Limit your browsing to websites that don’t need the submission of account details or any other login details. While cybercriminals are looking for your banking information, they’ll also obtain any other personal information you wish to divulge, such as the logins to emails. In essence, you should remove the possibility of any passwords or other personal data being transmitted via a wireless connection. It’s not as simple as it seems. However, it is essential to remember that many browsers auto-fill your credentials with certain websites each time you visit them.
Be wary when visiting these websites. Once the criminals get you onto their networks, they may redirect you to sites that appear legitimate but are elaborate fakes. The websites then try to download and install malware on your phone or tablet. If they succeed and malware is downloaded, your device is vulnerable. If your device is damaged in this manner, the criminals can gain access to it via a back door’ through which the malware can be opened. The back door allows criminals to execute programs and codes on your device whenever they wish to. The programs typically let criminals snoop on your device, access your personal information, take photos, and record audio and videos. If they download your data, they could use it to further their goals and sell the data to identify criminals.
Hotspots that are poorly configured
Some WiFi hotspots intend to steal your personal information or damage your phone. Some may be legitimate. However, the person who created the network was not a professional. This results in an insecure hotspot, more likely to suffer an unsecured device after using it.
Many people install WiFi networks and do not change the default administrator passwords. Hackers with enough experience (and the right tools) can identify the kind of hardware used within the network. They could then attempt to use the default passwords of those hardware pieces (such as routers), and, most likely, they’ll be logged in with administrator privileges within minutes. Once they’re in control over this network, they can alter it to their advantage and at the expense of anyone else who connects to it.
For instance, a hacker might disable encryption, which means that any information transmitted via the networklike passwords and banking details is sent in simple text. This makes it accessible to hackers to get access to and is the primary reason why you shouldn’t visit financial or banking websites via WiFiWiFi hotspots.
Once the hackers are in control of the network as they’d like and they have it, all they have to do is relax and watch. Shortly, they’ll be able to log on and access websites that require passwords and private information that can be used later for other purposes.
In addition, when you use public WiFiWiFi, watch out for shoulder surfers. They’ll glance over your shoulder to view your account names and passwords when you write them. Although you might not believe they’ll see anything, you’ll be amazed as they’ve become proficient at determining the words you type.
Alongside shoulder surfing, criminals have been reported to utilize cameras with powerful zoom lenses to capture keystrokes and passwords. Keep these tips in mind when you pick your seat.
What should you avoid doing:
- Do not connect to WiFiWiFi hotspots that don’t have an encryption password.
- Do not conduct financial transactions on the WiFiWiFi hotspot.
- Do not forget to change default passwords for WiFiWiFi networks you have created.
- Remember to regularly review the settings of the WiFiWiFi networks you have installed.
This is how you can protect your privacy and avoid malicious attacks on your device. We hope you’ve got enough information about the topic, so make sure you comment and share your views on it.