What is an Axon Quizlet?

An axon is the long fiber that carries a signal through a neuron to its target, which may be a muscle or another neuron. The human body can repair damaged neurons and axons, contrary to popular belief. Axons are also called autonomous eXtended on-officer networks and can be found in computer and information technology terminology. The axon’s initial segment is unmyelinated and consists of a complex of proteins. It is approximately 20 to 60 um long and serves as the site where action potentials are initiated.

Axons are specialized part of the nerve cell that receives information. These branches are connected by a process called a synaptic cleft. When two neurons make a synaptic connection, the signal is translated into a chemical message, which is then diffused to the postsynaptic cell. These connections help the body communicate with each other. Axons are essential to the nervous system.

Axons are important parts of the nervous system, because they conduct messages from the brain to the rest of the body. The activity of the nervous system controls our ability to move, breathe, see, and think. The basic unit of the nervous system is the neuron. Axons carry nerve impulses from the cell body to the target. In vertebrates, the axon is surrounded by a sheath of myelin, which protects it from deteriorating. In fact, large axons can transmit up to 90 metres per second!

The axon is an extension of the cell body. It carries nerve impulses from the cell body to the axon. The axon is a threadlike structure. The axon is the first branch to be shaped and has four ends. Its length is approximately the same as its diameter. Axons are connected to one another by a synapse.

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